Xbasic

HTTP_PUT Function

Syntax

Result as P = http_put(url as C [,body as C [,cookie as C [,port as N [,timeout as N [,show_before_send as L [,validate_ssl_cert as L [,SSLCipherList as C]]]]]]])

Arguments

urlCharacter

The address of the server that will receive your data.

bodyCharacter

The parameters you wish to send. The size of this field is unlimited.

cookieCharacter

Default = "". Cookie data.

portNumeric

Default = 80. The port to use.

timeoutNumeric

Default = 8000 milliseconds. The number of milliseconds to wait before timing out.

show_before_sendLogical

Default = .F.. When .T., displays the request before being sent. Useful for debugging.

validate_ssl_certLogical

Default = .T.. If the specified URL starts with "https://", this flag controls whether or not the certificate offered by the server will be validated. If set to .T., the request will always fail. If set to .F., the request may succeed, but the server's identity is not guaranteed.

SSLCipherListCharacter

SSL Cipher List

Returns

ResultPointer

A dot variable containing the server's response.

error_textCharacter

The error message, if any. If no error occurs, error_text will be empty.

error_codeNumeric

The error number, if any. If no error occurs, error_code will be 0.

headersCharacter

Response headers. If error_code is 0, the result will contain a dot variable, parsed_headers, with a property representing each response header.

bodyCharacter

Response body.

parsed_headersPointer

Contains all the headers in the response split out into individual properties. If an error occurred when trying to communicate with the server, parsed_headers will be empty. parsed_headers will always contain the following properties in addition to the headers in the response:

http_versionCharacter

The HTTP version used.

reason_phraseCharacter

A description of the status code.

status_codeNumeric

The response status code. See Status Codes for a list of status codes.

Description

Use the HTTP method PUT to retrieve the specified URL

Discussion

The HTTP_PUT() function requests a URL using HTTP/1.1 PUT. The function returns a pointer with the parsed response from the server. If error_code is "0", parsed_response will contain the headers in the result:

? result.parsed_headers
= AcceptRanges = "none"
Allow = "GET, HEAD, OPTIONS, TRACE"
Connection = "close"
ContentLength = "1293"
ContentType = "text/html"
Date = "Thu, 22 Dec 2016 23:21:09 GMT"
http_version = "HTTP/1.1"
reason_phrase = "Method Not Allowed"
Server = "Microsoft-IIS/8.5"
status_code = 405
XPoweredBy = "ASP.NET"

Status code 200 indicates that the page exists. Status code 404 indicates that it does not. Other status codes you may encounter, along with the meanings of each, are documented in Status Codes.

HTTP_PUT sends using a content type of "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded". To send a request using a different content type, use HTTP_FETCH().

 Handling Redirects

When the server responds with a 30* code, HTTP_PUT() does not automatically use the new URL. The developer needs to examine result.parsed_headers.status_code, then if appropriate, try the URL provided in result.parsed_headers.location. Refer to HTTP_GET() for an example.

 Example

dim url as c = "www.alphasoftware.com"

dim result as p
result = http_put(url)

? result.error_code 
= 0

? result.parsed_headers.status_code 
= 405

? result.parsed_headers.reason_phrase 
= "Method Not Allowed"

a5_show_html(result.body)

See Also